Effective scouting of an opponent is a potential way to obtain a competitive advantage.
Obtaining, organizing, and analyzing information is only part of the equation. The other part is effectively communicating, practicing and implementing a strategy for successful game execution.
I have created an outline below using this awesome article on the science of creating a scouting report.
5 Major Parts
1. Individual Players
A. Physical and athletic characteristics
B. Skill level (Strengths and Weaknesses)
C. Role for Team
D. Special thoughts, tendencies or factors
E. How to play this player (Matchups)
2. Transition and/or Early Offense
A. Comment/diagram the opponent's fast break.
B. Comment/diagram the opponent's secondary break/early offense.
3. Half-Court Offense
A. Verbal calls and visual signals for sets, plays and actions.
B. Diagram half-court offense.
C. Frequency and efficiency of specific half-court offense.
D. Tendencies and variations
E. How to defend
4. Special Situation-Offense
A. Out-of-bounds plays
B. End-of-Quarter, End-of-Game, 3-Point Plays, Post Plays, etc.
5. Team Defense
A. Primary Defense
B. Secondary Defenses
C. Pressing/Trapping Defenses
D. Out-of-Bounds Defense
FINAL EVALUATION and AREAS OF CONCENTRATION
1. List Offensive Strengths and Weaknesses
2. List Defensive Strengths and Weaknesses
3. List Team Characteristics
4. List of Offensive Sets: Calls and Descriptions
5. List What We Must Do To Win